Urdu Poetry and Its Forms

All examples of Urdu poetry possess certain unique characteristics and have unique structure. Those rules which are kept while composing Urdu poetry are concerned to meter, rhymes, rhythm and other specific components of Urdu poetry. But inspire of such number of different rules which are used for composing Urdu poetry, these poems are very bright, colorful and expressive.
Here are forms of Urdu poetry:
1. Ghazal – is a collection of couplets called “shers” which contain such components as bahar, malta, maqta, qafiya and radeef.  Each couplet has its own thought or theme. Every couplet must have the same meter, same rhyme, and same radeef. Each couplet also should have malta and sometimes maqta, which is a pen name of the author included in the last couplet of the poem.
2.Marsiya – is a form of Urdu poetry which depicts grief and sadness  because of death of noble man or lovely person..  We can read examples of marsiya which depict self-sacrifice of Hazrat Imam Husain and his troops during the battle of Karbala.
3.Masnawi –   is a long, epic, narrative poem which tells about big battles carried out in the past. There is also philosophical and ethical background in such poems.
4.Qasida – is a form od Urdu poetry whoch look like long ballad whiten to honor the king or a noble person. Sometimes you can metet qasisas which depict great battles too.
5. Nazm is a form of Urdu poetry which doesn’t have equivalents in literature of other cultures. The main characteristic of nazm is the one theme which can be traced through whole poem. And it is different from the ghazal where every couplet has different theme.

Source by Nikolas Waters

Fahad Hameed

Fahad Hashmi is one of the known Software Engineer and blogger likes to blog about design resources. He is passionate about collecting the awe-inspiring design tools, to help designers.He blogs only for Designers & Photographers.

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